Here is the actually drop test performed by a member from Android Authority, that features a white Galaxy S III and a white iPhone 4S. Both, dropped down from the same height on their front, back and sides. The results are quite surprising!
As seen in the video, the iPhone 4S worked fine after taking much damage and shattering both its front and black glass. The Samsung Galaxy S III, on the other hand, stopped functioning after the last hit. The touchscreen failed and even the home button was unresponsive.
Anyway, don't let your kid drop your phones!